03 Jul 2019

Preventing Sports Related Dental Injuries copy

Research shows us that:

  • 56% percent of all concussions and 75% of all orofacial injuries occurred while the athlete wasn’t wearing a mouthguard.
  • The maxillary(upper) central incisor is the most commonly injured tooth.
    Mouthguard compliance is often poor.
  • Children between the ages of seven and ten have the highest number of injuries (59.6%).
  • Mouthguard thickness has been shown to be a factor that contributes to the level of protection. The average thickness of the custom-made mouthguards in this study was 3.50mm, while the average thickness of the ‘over the counter mouthguards was only 1.65mm
  • High school football players wearing store-bought, over-the-counter mouthguards were more than twice as likely to suffer mild traumatic brain injuries/concussions than those wearing custom-made, properly fitted mouthguards.

Development of Teeth:

The crown of your tooth develops first. So, when our kids front adult teeth(incisors) erupt into the mouth the roots of these teeth have still not fully formed. Think of it like a post in the ground, if you rammed it in 1cm it would fall over very easily. Our kids’ new teeth are a lot like this, they haven’t got too much holding them in. So even the lightest knock to these teeth can completely knock them out (called avulsion).

If they are knocked out the success of re-implanting them is not that great without professional care. But if you can keep the tooth hydrated and get to a dentist as quickly as possible, we can put the tooth back into the mouth

Piopio Dental has provided Piopio Primary, College and Aria Primary with the perfect solution(The tooth rescue kit) to put these teeth into whilst going straight to the dentist for treatment.


When kids are having orthodontic treatment, their teeth are looser while they are being moved into their new position. A thicker mouthguard offers greater protection to these loosened teeth.

Also the braces are hard and quite sharp, so without mouthguard protection the cheeks and lips are much more at risk of being torn with a knock to the face.

Types of Mouth guards:

1. Stock Mouthguards

They are available only in limited sizes, do not fit very well, inhibit speech and breathing and require the jaws to be closed to hold the mouthguard in place. The Academy of Sports Dentistry has stated that the stock mouthguard is unacceptable as an orofacial protective device.

2. Mouth-Formed Mouthguards
Known as "boil and bite". Most common, still ill-fitting and inadequate thickness

3. Custom Made Mouthguards

This is the ideal of the three types. Most parents will spend quite a bit of money on athletic shoes but might not think about protecting their child’s teeth. The advantages to the wearer include optimal fit, ease of speech, breathing, comfort, and retention. That is before we consider the extra protection to the teeth, orofacial structures, and concussion prevention.

Piopio Dental Mouth Guard Options

Child, Single layer 3.5-4mm – Single layer offers greater protection than a much thinner boil and bite. The thinner layer is more comfortable for smaller mouths.

Intermediate, Double layer, 3.5-4mm – Two thin double layer adds more protection while still being thin enough for small mouths.

Adult, Double layer 5-6mm – Once all adult teeth are present, this is the recommended best option.

A double layer mouthguard offers more impact distribution. This means the energy from the impact is spread throughout the mouthguard layers and less to the teeth and orofacial structures. Therefore, this offers greater protection than the single layer mouthguard. Double layer is recommended for those in higher impact and higher-grade competitive sports. With a double layer we can also mix colours (school or sports club colours) and place name tags and school names into the layers for identification.

20190711 080305 20190711 080248 3. Custom made made mouth guards